Everything You Should Know About Moisturizers
What are Moisturizers?
Moisturizers have always serve as keystone to skin care regimen. They are complex cosmetic mixtures made in such a way to soften and hydrate the skin outer layer. Most moisturizers contain emollients, humectants and other ingredients.
It helps reduce and treat inflammation and collagen breakdown – aging. It also improves the skin complexion and texture especially during harsh weather. Moisturizers commonly come in form of gel, cream, lotion or ointment (1, 2).
1.1. What are Moisturizers?
1.2. How Moisturizers Work?
1.3. Common Formulations of Moisturizers
1.4. Few Benefits of Moisturizing
How Moisturizers work?
Moisturizers work by hydrating the skin depending on the key ingredients. Moisturizers falls mainly into 3 classes; based on the skin’s needs – degree of dryness and skin type
Soothe and soften the skin – fill the space left between skin cells left by moisturizing lipids. Also functions as occlusives – by forming protective layer on the skin.
Key ingredients are silicone, vegetable oils (jojoba, grape seed), butters (Shea, cocoa), alcohols (stearyl, cetyl), ceramides.
Most suitable for dehydrated skin, mature skin and extremely dry skin.
Retain the skin moisture by drawing water to the skin cells from humid environment. In addition, it also enhance absorption of water from the outer skin layer. Most humectants have properties of emollients
Key ingredients are urea, amino acids, sugars, hyaluronic acid, glycerin, lactic acid.
Suitable for all skin types especially dry, thick skin in humid climate.
Seal in moisture and form a protective layer on the skin surface to cut water loss.
Key ingredients are petrolatum, lanolin, rose hip oil, avocado oil, hazelnut oil
Most suitable for dehydrated, mature skin in non-humid climate (3, 4).
Common Formulation of Moisturizers
- Cream: moisturizer with higher viscosity – emulsion made by mixing droplets of water in oil. It often comes in jars or tubs e.g. cold cream, vanishing cream, emollient, ointment. However, once applied to skin, the water does not readily evaporate so the skin stays hydrated. The skin tends to feel greasy and sticky after use. It is suitable for use in winter times (5).
- Lotion: liquid moisturizer with low viscosity – emulsion made by mixing droplets of oil in water. It often comes in bottles or pumps. However, Once applied to skin, the water evaporates quickly which might make skin drier. Though it does not make the skin greasy or sticky after use. It is suitable for use in humid summer times (5).
- Serum: moisturizer that contain lighter oils and active ingredients for better penetration into the skin. However, it is commonly called treatment (6)
- Ointment: semi solid preparations that often contain 20% water and 80% oil (i.e. mineral oil or petroleum jelly). Furthermore, Occlusive effect aid better penetration of active ingredient or medication into the skin. In addition, It also acts as strong emollients (7).
- Gel: translucent preparation that has a mixture of cellulose ethers in water or alcohol in water. It leaves a film of active ingredients on the skin though might be drying (8).
Few Benefits of Moisturizing
- Moisturizer serves as a protective base for makeup application.
- Moisturizing can help to keep up natural moisture balance in the skin.
- Application of Herbal moisturizer protects the skin and helps controlling excess moisture and oil from oily skin.
- It can restore moisture to dry skin by keeping it hydrated.
- Moisturizer containing sunscreen protects the skin from overexposure to sunlight which can cause premature aging.
- Repair skin cells, improve skin tone and texture via delivery of active ingredients to the skin.
Hope you, beauties are staying moisturized enough. Leave comments down below on the moisturizers that you use?
Totally relatable comic about moisturizer